Hajj pilgrimage over the years +ARCHIVE+

July 3, 2022 GMT

STORY: HZ Saudi Arabia Hajj Preview - Hajj pilgrimage over the years +ARCHIVE+

LENGTH: 04:56

FIRST RUN:

RESTRICTIONS:

TYPE: Pashtun/Natsound

SOURCE: ASSOCIATED PRESS/BRITISH MOVIETONE/AP PHOTOS

STORY NUMBER: 4386651

DATELINE: Various archive1954 - 2021, please see shotlist - Various, please see shotlist

SAUDI ARABIA HAJJ PREVIEW

SHOTLIST:

SOURCE: ASSOCIATED PRESS/BRITISH MOVIETONE/AP PHOTOS

RESTRICTION SUMMARY:

LENGTH: 4:56

++Disclaimer: British Movietone is an historical collection. Any views and expressions within either the video or metadata of the collection are reproduced for historical accuracy and do not represent the opinions or editorial policies of the Associated Press++

BRITISH MOVIETONE

ARCHIVE: Hejaz region, Saudi Arabia - 30 August 1954

++COMMENTARY ADDED AT SOURCE++

++BLACK AND WHITE/4:3++

1. Opening slate reading (English) “Mecca Pilgrimage”

2. Hole in wall

3. Various of pilgrims travelling for Hajj pilgrimage

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4. Various of pilgrim encampment NARRATION (English): “Mecca, the chief town of the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia is the great holy city of Islam. The pilgrimage to it is made by holders of the faith from all over the world. They come from far and near in great caravans and convoys. Those who can afford it, ride to Mecca. Those who can not, simply walk, but to Mecca they all come to discharge their vow of pilgrimage. Vast encampments on the outskirts of the city accommodate the pilgrims in their tens of thousands.”

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mecca, Saudi Arabia - 4 April 1966

++BLACK AND WHITE 4:3/MUTE++

5. Various of Muslims praying to Kabaa

6. Various of pilgrims on road, some stop to pray

7. Various of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia receiving guests and dignitaries

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mecca, Saudi Arabia - 5 January 1977

++4:3/MUTE++

8. Various of pilgrims walking to Mecca

9. Pan of large crowd of pilgrims praying

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mecca, Saudi Arabia - 14 December 2007

++4:3++

10. Various high shots of the Kabaa and crowd praying and circulating

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Baghdad, Iraq - 15 March 1999

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11. Zoom in of Iraqi child in Arab headdress

12. Mid of Iraqi pilgrim beating drum

13. Close of pilgrim crying

14. Mid of pilgrims entering coach

13. Various of coach leaving

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Kabul, Afghanistan - 17 February 2002

++4:3++

14. Various of Afghan pilgrims being searched and checked by military police

15. SOUNDBITE (Pashtun) Afghan Hajj pilgrim, name not given:

“I have been waiting for an aircraft for four days.”

16. Various of Afghan pilgrims entering military Hercules C-130 aircraft

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mecca, Saudi Arabia - 8 January 2005

++4:3++

17. Mid of people sleeping in streets

18. Mid of family with children waving at camera

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mecca, Saudi Arabia - 2 February 2004

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19. Pan from security officer to large crowd

20. Wide zoom out of security police moving large crowd of pilgrims

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mecca - 12 September 2015

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21. Various of collapsed crane

AP PHOTOS

ARCHIVE: Mina, Saudi Arabia - 24 September 2015

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22. STILL of hundreds of pilgrims making their way towards Mecca for the 2015 Hajj

23. STILL of Muslim pilgrims and rescuers gather round the dead and injured

24. STILL of a Muslim pilgrim walks through the site after the deadly crush

25. STILL of Injured pilgrims carried by stretcher to ambulance

ASSOCIATED PRESS

ARCHIVE: Mina, Saudi Arabia - 21 July 2021

++16:9++

26. Various of pilgrims throwing stones at pillar symbolizing Satan

27. Pilgrims praying after stoning Satan

ASSOCIATED PRESS

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ARCHIVE: Mecca, Saudi Arabia - 22 July 2021

++16:9++

28. Various of pilgrims circling around Kaaba

29. Pilgrims praying around Kaaba

LEADIN:

Around a million Muslims are expected to attend this year’s Hajj pilgrimage between 7 and 12 July.

All Muslims are expected to complete the rituals in Saudia Arabia at least once in their lifetime.

STORYLINE:

Hundreds of thousands of Muslims from all corners of the globe descend on Saudi Arabia each year for Hajj.

The pilgrimage is considered a religious duty that all Muslims must complete at least once in their lifetime, if they are physically and financially able to do so.

Hajj involves a number of different rituals including tawaf, where pilgrims circle the Kaaba seven times, and stoning the devil, where they throw pebbles at stone pillars.

For many Muslims, the Hajj, one of Islam’s five pillars, signals their spiritual rebirth and the burial of past transgressions.

Scenes filmed decades ago still largely reflect what happens today.

The pilgrims are clothed in the Ihram cloths (special clothes without finery or stitches, to equalise the rich and poor before God) and repeat the prayers.

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Here King Faisal of Saudi Arabia receives dignitaries arriving in Mecca for Hajj.

The popular King was credited with stabilising and modernising his country, including the setting up of the first television broadcast, and also for his support of pan-Islamic causes.

By 1977 television was delivering colour pictures from Hajj.

Here pilgrims are seen arriving in Mecca, their feet in open sandals - another stipulation of the Hajj.

The vast crowd gathers on their journey to come together in one unified prayer.

But the crowds here are nothing compared to the throng around the Kabaa - the most sacred point in the Muslim world and the focus of all prayers.

Today the government of Saudi Arabia issues visas for pilgrims wanting to make the Hajj pilgrimage - with a certain number allocated to each country.

Getting to Hajj is not always easy, amid war and political unrest.

Since the 1990 Gulf War, many Iraqis have complained of difficulties in performing Hajj.

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These Iraqis are seen boarding coaches to make the four-day journey through the desert heat.

In 2002 at Kabul airport, pilgrims from Afghanistan were desperate to honour their vow to perform Hajj.

Many had been camped outside the airport for days in the hope of getting on a flight.

The provincial government, under then interim leader Hamid Karzai, had taken 1,600 (US) dollars each from over 4,000 would-be pilgrims for a “Hajj package.”

But many of the promised flights failed to materialise, leading to scenes of chaos at the airport.

The government blamed bomb-damaged runways at the US-held airport.

“I have been waiting for an aircraft for four days,” complained one patient pilgrim.

In response, Britain sent four C-130 Hercules planes to ferry hundreds of pilgrims to Saudi Arabia.

Controlling such vast crowds is a challenge, particularly around Mina for the symbolic and passionate “stoning of the devil” ritual.

The 2015 Hajj was hit by double tragedy.

First, a crane collapsed, killing more than 100 people.

Then a stampede in Mina led to the deaths of 2,400 pilgrims.

The most recent Hajj events have been blighted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

In 2020, the authorities massively scaled it back, allowing fewer than 10,000 people to complete the pilgrimage.

Last year, around 60,000 vaccinated pilgrims were allowed to take part. Face masks were a modern addition to the traditional robes worn for the rituals.

This year, Saudia Arabia announced one million people would be given permission to attend.

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